Agroforester’s Library

Agroforester’s Library


Reposted from

Agroforestry references, species references, and book sources

Recommendations from agroforestry specialists from around the world

AGROFORESTRY REFERENCES This section presents book recommendations arranged alphabetically by title:
Agroforesteria en el CATIE: bibliografia anotada (Serie Bibliotecologia y Documentación #27, 1999) and Agroforesteria en el CATIE: suplemento bibliografico (Serie Bibliotecologia y Documentación #28, 2001) Publisher: CATIE, Turrialba, Costa Rica ISBN: 9977-57-346-8 and 9977-57-367-0, respectively. Two annotated bibliographies summarizing research and development in agroforestry at Centro Agronómico Tropical de Investigación y Enseñanza’s (CATIE). Over 1000 references included (mostly in Spanish).

Agroforestry in Australia and New Zealand Authors: R. Reid and G. Wilson, 1985 Publisher: Goodard and Dobson, Victoria, Australia ISBN: 0-949200-00-X. Scientifically based practical information on how to productively integrate trees into farming systems.

Agroforestry and Biodiversity Conservation in Tropical Landscapes Editors: G. Schroth, G.A.B. da Fonseca, C.A. Harvey, C. Gascon, H.L. Vasconcelos, and A-M.N. Izac, 2004. Island Press, Washington, DC. ISBN: 1-55963-357-3. Explores how agroforestry practices can help promote biodiversity in human-dominated landscapes.

Agroforestry in Dryland Africa Authors: D. Rocheleau, F. Weber, and A. Field-Juma, 1988 Publisher: ICRAF, Nairobi, Kenya ISBN: 92-9059-049-1. This book is especially useful for field workers, researchers, and extension agents, providing guidelines for evaluating and planning agroforestry projects in drier environments in Africa.

Agro-Forestry in the Pacific Islands: Systems for Sustainability Editors: W.C. Clark and R.R. Thaman, 1993 Publisher: United Nations University Press, Tokyo ISBN: 92-808-0824-9. Very thorough treatment of agroforestry practices in the Pacific. Includes tables and descriptions of many traditional agroforestry species.

Agroforestry for Soil Management Author: A. Young, 1997 (Second Edition) Publisher: CAB International, New York, New York and ICRAF, Nairobi, Kenya ISBN: 0-85199-189-0. Now in a revised second edition, this book presents a synthesis of evidence from agriculture, forestry, and soil science, drawing on over 700 published sources dating largely from the 1990’s. Very well written and accessible to practitioners and academics. Highly recommended.

Agroforestry Guides for Pacific Islands 1. Information Resources for Pacific Island Agroforestry 2. Multipurpose Trees for Agroforestry in the Pacific Islands 3. Nontimber Forest Products for Pacific Islands: An Introductory Guide for Producers 4. Integrating Understory Crops with Tree Crops 5. Introduction to Integrating Trees into Pacific Island Farm Systems 6. Choosing Timber Species for Pacific Island Agroforestry 7. Economics of Farm Forestry: Financial Evaluation for Landowners 8. Multipurpose Windbreaks: Design and Species for Pacific Islands Editors: C.R. Elevitch and K.M. Wilkinson, 2000. Publisher: Permanent Agriculture Resources, Holualoa, Hawaii Series of 22-50 page guides covering eight topics in Pacific Island agroforestry. Published with support from the US Department of Agriculture’s Western Region Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education (WSARE) Program. Web site:

Agroforestry in Sustainable Agricultural Systems Edited by: L.E. Buck, J.P. Lassoie and E.C.M. Fernandes, 1999 Publisher: CRC Press LLC, New York, NY ISBN: 1-56670-294-1 Agroforestry in Sustainable Agricultural Systems examines the environmental and social conditions that affect the roles and performance of trees in field- and forest-based agricultural production systems. Various types of ecological settings for agroforestry are analyzed within temperate and tropical regions.

Agroforestry Technology Information Kit (ATIK) Author: Various authors, 1990 Publisher: International Institute of Rural Reconstruction (IIRR), Cavite, Philippines ISBN: 0-942717-31-7 This practical agroforestry guide details nursery techniques, seed collection, seed treatment, soil and water conservation strategies, animal systems, and more. Available from IIRR Bookstore and several other sources. Highly recommended.

Amaranth to Zai Holes: Ideas for Growing Food Under Difficult Conditions Editors: L.S. Meitzner and M.L. Price, 1996 Publisher: ECHO, North Fort Myers, Florida ISBN: 0-9653360-0-X. This useful book contains many practical and technical tips from extension workers and small farmers from around the world including information on vegetables, fruits, multipurpose trees, urban gardening, and more. Order from ECHO (see Book Sources). Web site:

The Dictionary of Forestry Editor: J.A. Helm, 1998 Publisher: Society of American Foresters, Bethesda, Maryland ISBN: 0-939970-73-2. A comprehensive dictionary defining over 4,500 terms used in forestry and conservation.

The Farmer’s Forest–Multipurpose Forestry for Australian Farmers. RIRCD Publication No. R01/33. Authors: R. Reid and P. Stephen, 2001. ISBN: 0-642-58352-8. Australian Master TreeGrower Program, Department of Forestry, The Institute of Land & Food Resources, The University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010, Australia. Web site: An excellent practical guide for design and management of forests for multiple benefits.

Forest Gardening Author: R. Hart, 1991 Publisher: Green Books, Devon, UK ISBN: 1-870098-44-7. Describes the design of predominately temperate multistory garden plantings that incorporate fruit and nut trees.

Glossary for Agroforestry Editors: P. Huxley and H. van Houten, 1997 Publisher: CTA and ICRAF, Nairobi, Kenya ISBN: 92-9059-124-2 Includes 1,400 agroforestry terms arranged alphabetically, with extensive cross-referencing. Also available in electronic form at:

Guide to Handling of Tropical and Subtropical Forest Seed Author: L. Schmidt, 2000. Danida Forest Seed Centre. Humlebaek, Denmark. ISBN: 87-982428-6-5. This exceptional guide covers forest tree seed handling from scientific, practical and administrative perspectives.

The Hidden Harvest: Wild Foods and Agricultural Systems, A Literature Review and Annotated Bibliography Authors: I. Scoones, M. Melnyk and J. Pretty, 1992. IIED, London. ISBN: 0-905347-93-5. A comprehensive literature review and annotated bibliography related to wild foods. PDF version available at:

Income Opportunities in Special Forest Products: Self-Help Suggestions for Rural Entrepreneurs (Agriculture Information Bulletin AIB-666)Authors: M.G. Thomas and D.R. Schumann, 1993 Publisher: USDA Forest Service, Washington, DC In depth discussion of temperate special forest products (nontimber forest products) that represent opportunities for rural entrepreneurs to supplement their incomes. Order from Southern Research Station, USDA Forest Service, Blacksburg, Virginia; or download at:

An Introduction to Agroforestry Author: P.K.R. Nair, 1993 Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands ISBN: 0-7923-2134-0. A widely used comprehensive textbook on agroforestry which is both practical and theoretical, covering many agroforestry practices and species. Highly recommended.

New Vistas in Agroforestry: A Compendium for the 1st World Congress of Agroforestry, 2004. Editors: P.K.R. Nair, M.R. Rao, and L.E. Buck, 2004. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands ISBN: 1-4020-2412-6. Synthesizes research results and evaluations relating to many aspects of agroforestry in both tropical and temperate regions.

Nontimber Forest Products of the United States Editors: Jones, E.T., R.J. McLain, and J. Weigand, 2002. University Press of Kansas Extensive coverage of nontimber forest products in the US (North America).

No-Till Farming Systems (Special Publication N. 3). Editors: Goddard, T., M.A. Zoebisch, Y. Gan, W. Ellis, A. Watson, S. Sombatpanit. 2008. Publisher: World Association of Soil and Water Conservation (WASWC). ISBN: 978-974-8391-60-1. A global collection of articles by farmers, extension specialists, agricultural professionals, and research scientists. Dr. Samran Sombatpanit, WASWC Immediate Past President, 67/141 Amonphant 9, Soi Sena 1, Bangkok 10230 , Thailand . Phone/Fax: +66-25703641,,

Non-Wood Forest Products: FAO Technical Papers Author: Various Authors, 1995-1997 Publisher: FAO, Rome ISBN: Various. An excellent ten volume series on non-wood forest products and their role in integrated forestry, agroforestry, and conservation. Provides useful information on the various products, and also the basics of non-wood forest products enterprises for those products for practitioners, policy makers, and scientists. Order from FAO in Rome (see Book Sources).

North American Agroforestry: An Integrated Science and Practice Edited by: H.E. Garrett, W.J. Rietveld, and R.F. Fisher, 2000 Publisher: American Society of Agronomy, Madison, Wisconsin ISBN: 0891181423. The first few chapters focus on the development, ecological foundations, and the status of agroforestry. Separate chapters cover technical aspects of the five major agroforestry practices, namely windbreaks, silvopastures, alley cropping, riparian forest buffers, and forest farming.

Pacific Agroforestry: An Information Kit Editors: S. Rogers and P. Thorpe, 1999 Publisher: PRAP/SPC, Suva, Fiji Covers many specific practices, techniques, and species of Pacific Island Agroforestry. Order from: Secretariat of the Pacific Community, Private Mail Bag, Suva, Fiji; Tel: +679 370-733; Fax: +679 370-021

Permaculture: A Practical Guide for a Sustainable Future Author: B. Mollison, 1997 Publisher: Ten Speed Press, Berkeley, California ISBN: 0-9082-2801-5. The premiere guide to designing resource systems in harmony with natural processes. Highly recommended. Available at many booksellers.

Permaculture: Principles and Pathways Beyond Sustainability Author: D. Holmgren, 2002. Holmgren Design Services, Hepburn, Australia ISBN: 0-646-41844-0. Builds on the permaculture concept co-originated by David Holgren and Bill Mollison.

The Overstory Book (2nd Edition): Cultivating Connections with Trees Editor: C.R. Elevitch, 2004. Publisher: Permanent Agriculture Resources, Holualoa, HI ISBN: 0-9702544-3-1. 152 concise, easy to read chapters covering key agroforestry concepts. See

Plantation Forestry in the Tropics Author: J. Evans, 1992 (2nd edition) Publisher: Oxford University Press, New York, NY ISBN: 0-19-854257-7. This comprehensive text covers plantation, community, and social forestry, tree planting to control erosion, and agroforestry.

Practical Guide to Dryland Farming I Introduction To Soil And Water Conservation Practices II Contour Farming With Living Barriers Order III Integrated Farm Management IV Planting Tree Crops Order V Soil Fertility Management Order Publisher: World Neighbors, Oklahoma City, OK. This series of five booklets (30 to 40 pages each) is useful for agroforestry and soil improvement in dryland areas. Each booklet contains simple drawings and is easy to read. Available from ECHO (see Book Sources).

Proceedings from the Five North American Agroforestry Conferences Agroforestry in North America; P. Williams, Ed.; February 1989, Guelph, Ontario. 1. Second Conference on Agroforestry in North America; H.E. ‘Gene’ Garrett, Ed.; August 1991, Columbia, Missouri. 2. Opportunities for Agroforestry in the Temperate Zone Worldwide: Third North American Agroforestry Conference; R. Schultz and J. Colletti, Eds.; August 1993, Ames, Iowa. 3. Growing a Sustainable Future: Fourth North American Agroforestry Conference; J.H. Ehrenreich and D.L. Ehrenreich, Eds.; July 1995; Boise, Idaho. 4. Exploring the Opportunities for Agroforestry in Changing Rural Landscapes: Fifth North American Agroforestry Conference; L. Buck and J. Lassoie, Editors; August 1997, Ithaca, New York. Order the above proceedings at:

A Review of Uses and Status of Trees and Forests in Land-Use Systems in Samoa, Tonga, Kiribati and Tuvalu with Recommendations for Future Action Authors: R.R. Thaman and W.A. Whistler, 1996 Publisher: South Pacific Forestry Development Programme, Suva, Fiji. Information on the status of existing agroforestry systems and related programs with extensive species tables. Order through Pacific Islands Forests & Trees Support Programme (see Organizations).

Temperate Agroforestry Systems Editors: A.M. Gordon and S.M. Newman, 1997 Publisher: CAB International, Oxon, UK ISBN: 0-8519-9147-5. A landmark reference for agroforestry for temperate regions, including agroforestry practices in North America, New Zealand, Australia, China, and Europe.

Tree Crops: A Permanent Agriculture Author: R.J. Smith, 1950 Publisher: Island Press, Washington, DC ISBN: 0-9332-8044-0. A classic reference on the use of trees in agricultural systems.

A Tree for All Reasons: the introduction and evaluation of multipurpose trees for agroforestry Authors: P.J. Wood and J. Burley, 1991 Publisher: ICRAF, Nairobi, Kenya ISBN: 92-9059-075-0. Available in English, French or Spanish, this book provides guidance on researching and evaluating agroforestry trees for their suitability to a specific need, site, and purpose.

Trees, Crops and Soil Fertility: Concepts and Research Methods Editors: G. Schroth and F.L. Sinclair, 2003. Publisher: CABI Publishing. ISBN: 0851995934. This book provides a review of both economic and biophysical aspects of soil use and research in agroforestry, with an emphasis on nutrient-poor forest and savanna soils.

Trees for Rural Australia Editor: K.W. Cremer, 1990. Inkata Press, Melbourne, Australia. ISBN: 0-909605-65-3. A comprehensive and wonderfully illustrated book covering all aspects of choosing and planting trees. Although it focuses on Australian species and conditions, this book is useful worldwide.

Trees on the Treeless Plains: Revegetation Manual for the Volcanic Landscapes of Central Victoria Author: D. Holmgren, 1994 Publisher: Holmgren Design Services, Victoria, Australia ISBN: 0-646-17-568-8. Covers design of revegetation systems in detail including windbreaks and farm forestry. The presentation is based on practical experience and is well illustrated.

Tropical Agroforestry Author: P. Huxley, 1999 Publisher: Blackwell Science, Oxford, UK, ISBN: 0-632-04047-5. Provides a comprehensive, analytical account of principles as well as the practical implications of agroforestry.

Tropical Environments Author: M. Kellam and R. Tackaberry, 1997 Publisher: Routledge, New York, New York ISBN: 0-4151-1609-0. Introduces the complex systems of a broad, cross-regional range of humid to semi-arid tropical climate zones and offers an integration of biophysical and human management issues.

Tropical Home Gardens Editors: K. Landauer and M. Brazil, 1990 Publisher: United Nations University Press, Tokyo ISBN: 92-808-0732-3 Extensive treatment of home gardens in a research context, covering the development and management of home garden programs.

World Agroforestry Photos Author: Craig Elevitch. Photo database with over 500 photos of agroforestry systems and species. Available at:

SPECIES REFERENCES (printed) References are arranged alphabetically by title.

Choosing the Right Trees–Setting Priorities for Multipurpose Tree Improvement, Research Report No. 8 Authors: S. Franzel, H. Jaenicke, and W. Janssen, 1996 Publisher: ISNAR, The Hague, The Netherlands ISBN: 9-29118-025-4. Provides a procedure for selecting species based on maximizing potential benefits. Download from or order from ISNAR Publication Services, PO Box 93375, 2509 AJ The Hague, The Netherlands; Fax: +31-70-381-9677; E-mail:

Cornucopia II: A Source Book of Edible Plants Author: S. Facciola, 1998 Publisher: Kampong Publications, Vista, California ISBN: 0-96280-872-5. An encyclopedic reference on over 3,000 edible plants, their cultivars, and sources of plant materials. This title is available at many book retailers.

Domestication of Agroforestry Trees in Southeast Asia Editors: J.M. Roshetko and D.O. Evans, 1999 Publisher: Winrock International, Morrilton, Arkansas ISBN: 1-57360-019-9. Presents detailed reports concerning tree domestication and specific tree species in smallholder agroforestry systems.

FACT Sheets (formerly NFT Highlights) Authors: various, 1987-1999 Publisher: FACT Net, Winrock International, Morrilton, Arkansas For a concise summary of information about a multipurpose tree or shrub species, see the appropriate FACT Sheet at: or order hard copies from FACT Net (see Organizations). Many available in Spanish, French, Indonesian, Chinese, Vietnamese, and Khmer.

Farm, Community, and Tree Network (FACT Net) research journals, conference proceedings, field and training manuals
1. Agroforestry Species and Technologies. Roshetko, J.M. Ed. (2001). A compilation of the highlights and factsheets published by NFTA and FACT Net 1985-1999.
2. Albizia and Paraserianthes Production and Use: A Field Manual. Roshetko, J.M. (1998).
3. Calliandra calothyrsus production and use: A Field Manual. Powell, M. H. (1997). 4. Dalgergia : Proceedings of an International Workshop. Westley, S. B. and J. M. Roshetko, Eds. (1994). 5. Erythrina in the New and Old Worlds. Westley, S. B. and M. H. Powell, Eds. (1993). 6. Erythrina Production and Use : A Field Manual. Powell, M. H. and S. B. Westley (1993). 7. Financial and Economic Analyses of Agroforestry Systems. Sullivan, G. M., S. M. Huke, et al. (1991). Proceedings of a workshop.
8. International Workshop on Albizia and Paraserianthes Species. Zabala, N. Q. (1994). 9. International Workshop on the Genus Calliandra. Evans, D. O. (1996).
10. Marketing of Multipurpose Tree Products in Asia. Raintree, J. B. and H. A. Fransisco (1993). Proceedings of an international workshop.
11. Nitrogen Fixing Trees for Acid Soils. Evans, D. O. and L. T. Szott (1995). Proceedings of a workshop. 12. Nitrogen Fixing Trees for acid soils: a Field Manual. Powell, M. H. (1996). 13. Nitrogen Fixing Trees for Fodder Production. Daniel, J. N. and J. M. Roshetko (1995). Proceedings of an international workshop. 14. Nitrogen Fixing Trees for Fodder Production: A Field Manual. Roshetko, J.M. and R. C. Gutteridge (1996).
15. Tree Domestication in Southeast Asia: Results of a Regional Study on Institutional Capacity for Tree Domestication in National Programs. Gunasena, H.P.M. and J. M. Roshetko (2000). Publisher: Winrock International, Morrilton, Arkansas Particularly valuable for the practical agroforester, these are some of the best species resources available at a reasonable cost. For a list of the many publications available contact FACT Net (see Organizations) or see

A Field Guide to the Families and Genera of Woody Plants of Northwest South America (Colombia, Peru, and Ecuador) Author: A.H. Gentry, 1993 Publisher: Conservation International and The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Illinois ISBN: 0-226-28943-5 Covers the extraordinarily diverse flora of Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru. Order from: The University of Chicago Press, 11030 S. Langley Avenue, Chicago, IL 60628, USA; Tel: 800-621-2736; Fax: 800-621-8471; Web site:

Forage Tree Legumes in Tropical Agriculture Editors: R. Gutteridge and M. Shelton, 1994 (republished 1998). Publisher: The Tropical Grassland Society of Australia, St Lucia, Queensland, Australia (previously published by CAB International, Wallingford, UK) ISBN: 0-9585677-1-9. Covers a number of multipurpose tree legumes that can serve as ruminant forage in silvopastoral agroforestry systems. Download the text or order from:

Forest Production for Tropical America Agriculture Handbook 710 Author: F.H. Wadsworth, 1997 Publisher: USDA Forest Service, Washington, DC, USA. A very useful text on tropical forestry. Includes extensive species data for about 150 forestry species, including wood uses. Order from: International Institute for Tropical Forestry, Publications, USDA Forest Service, P.O. Box 5000, Rio Piedras, Puerto Rico 00928-5000; Web site:

The Leguminosae: A Source Book of Characteristics, Uses, and Nodulation Authors: O.N. Allen and E.K. Allen, 1981 Publisher: Wisconsin Press ISBN: 0-29908-400-0. A global survey of leguminous root nodulation and essential reference for research in tree legumes.

Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) Handbooks PROSEA 1: ‘Pulses’ PROSEA 2: ‘Edible fruits and nuts’
PROSEA 3: ‘Dye and tannin-producing plants’ PROSEA 4: ‘Forages’ PROSEA 5: ‘Timber trees’
PROSEA 6: ‘Rattans’ PROSEA 7: ‘Bamboos’ PROSEA 8: ‘Vegetables’
PROSEA 9: ‘Plants yielding non-seed carbohydrates’ PROSEA 10: ‘Cereals’
PROSEA 11: ‘Auxiliary plants’ PROSEA 12: ‘Medicinal and poisonous plants’
PROSEA 13: ‘Spices’ PROSEA 16: ‘Stimulants’ PROSEA 18: ‘Exudates’
PROSEA 19: ‘Essential-oil plants’ Authors: various Publisher: PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia A valuable series on plant resources for Southeast Asia which is useful to all tropical regions. Order from: PROSEA Network Office, c/o Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB-LIPI), Jalan Ir. H. Juanda 22, P.O.Box 234, Bogor 16122, Indonesia; Tel: +62-251-322859, 370934; Fax: +62-251-370934; E-mail:; Web site:; Searchable database:

The Plant-Book: A Portable Dictionary of the Vascular Plants Author: D.J. Mabberley, 1997 Publisher: Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK ISBN: 0-52141-421-0. A comprehensive botanical reference combining taxonomic details with information on English names and uses.

Plants for Use in Permaculture in the Tropics Author: F.W. Martin, 1994. Publisher: Yankee Permaculture, Dahlonega, Georgia Presents extensive tables of plants and their characteristics for use in agroforestry systems.

Selection and Management of Nitrogen-Fixing Trees Author: K.G. MacDicken, 1994 Publisher: Winrock International, Morrilton, Arkansas ISBN: 0-933595-86-7. A very useful reference for agroforestry uses of nitrogen fixing trees, including species selection, plant inoculation, growth characteristics, and potential uses.

Tropical Trees: Propagation and Planting Manuals Vol 1. Rooting Cuttings of Tropical Trees, (in English, Spanish and a number of other languages) with five associated videotapes in English and Spanish. (ISBN 0-85092-394-8) Vol 2. Raising seedlings of tropical trees (ISBN 0-85092-656-4) Vol 3. Growing Good Tropical Trees for Planting (ISBN 0-85092-535-5) Vol 4. Preparing to Plant Tropical Trees(ISBN 0-85092-418-9) Author: K.A. Longman, 1993-2002 Publisher: Commonwealth Science Council, London, UK. These books promote the growing and planting of trees and cover all stages from genetic selection and nursery development to successful planting in the field. These titles use nontechnical language and are extensively illustrated with line drawings. Web site:


Agroforestree (AFT) database by the World Agroforestry Centre (formerly the International Centre for Research in Agroforestry (ICRAF)) is a tree species reference and selection guide for agroforestry trees covering more than 500 species. Valuable for field workers and researchers who are engaged in activities involving trees suitable for agroforestry systems and technologies. Web site:

FACT Sheets (formerly NFT Highlights) by Winrock International, Morrilton, Arkansas, give concise summaries about many multipurpose tree and shrub species (many available in Spanish, French, Indonesian, Chinese, Vietnamese, and Khmer)

Forage Tree Legumes in Tropical Agriculture (Editors: R. Gutteridge and M. Shelton, 1994 [republished 1998]), published by The Tropical Grassland Society of Australia, St Lucia, Queensland, Australia (previously published by CAB International, Wallingford, UK) covers a number of multipurpose tree legumes that can serve as ruminant forage in silvopastoral agroforestry systems.

The Forestry Compendium (2005 Edition) [commercial subscription site] by CAB International (CABI) includes detailed information (text, maps and pictures) for over 1,200 tree and shrub species of importance to forestry and agroforestry and basic information for over 20,000 additional species. Tropical, subtropical, temperate and boreal species are included.

The USDA PLANTS Database provides standardized information about the vascular plants, mosses, liverworts, hornworts, and lichens of the US and its territories: The site also provides excellent links pages such as to invasive plants, links to Floras, Databases, and Nomenclature, and general plant links:

The Native Plant Network is devoted to the sharing of information on how to propagate native plants of North America (Canada, Mexico, and US) and has propagation protocols for US, Hawaii, Canada, Mexico, US Virgin Islands, Hawaii, and other Pacific Islands

Seed Leaflets published by Forest & Landscape Denmark (FLD) are aimed at seed technicians, extension workers and farmers, and contain information on practical seed handling for about 90 tropical tree species

Protabase published by Plant Resources of Tropical Africa (PROTA) provides information primarily on species of tropical Africa

Grass Genera of the World: Descriptions, Illustrations, Identification, and Information Retrieval; including Synonyms, Morphology, Anatomy, Physiology, Phytochemistry, Cytology, Classification, Pathogens, World and Local Distribution, and References (includes of course bamboo species)

The Silvics of Native and Exotic Trees of Puerto Rico and the Caribbean Islands (Spanish version) published by the USDA Forest Service

The International Plant Names Index (IPNI) is a database of the names and associated basic bibliographical details of all seed plants

Species Database published by Plants For A Future is an extensive, searchable database of useful species

Agroforestry and Ethnobotany Index published by Rainforest Conservation fund cover many tropical species

Survey of Economic Plants for Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (SEPASAL) is a database and enquiry service about useful “wild” and semi-domesticated plants of tropical and subtropical drylands, developed and maintained at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

The Traditional Tree Initiative—Species profiles for Pacific Island Agroforestry published by Permanent Agriculture Resources (also publishes The Overstory E-journal) provides detailed information on some of the most important Pacific island agroforestry tree species

The USDA National Plant Germplasm System catalogs species biodiversity in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)

NewCROP(tm) by The Center for New Crops & Plant Products at Purdue University provides windows to new and specialty crop profiles

The PRELUDE database concerns the use of plants in different traditional veterinarian and human medicines in Africa

A Database of Foods, Drugs, Dyes and Fibers of Native American Peoples, Derived from Plants

Cornell University Poisonous Plants Informational Database includes plant images, pictures of affected animals and presentations concerning the botany, chemistry, toxicology, diagnosis and prevention of poisoning of animals by plants and other natural flora (fungi, etc.)

Bioversity International’s Species Compendium is a searchable database providing information at taxon level about seed survival during storage, germination requirements and dormancy, reproductive biology, and pests and diseases

The System-wide Information Network for Genetic Resources (SINGER) is an information exchange network of the Future Harvest Centres of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR)


Alternatives to Slash-and-Burn (ASB) is a global partnership of over 50 institutions around the world with a shared interest in conserving forests and reducing poverty in the humid tropics. ASB Programme, ICRAF, P.O. Box 30677, Nairobi, Kenya; Tel: +254 2 524139/524000 or +1 650 833 6645; Fax: +254 2 524001 or +1 650 833 6646; E-mail:; Web site:

The Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada’s Agroforestry Development Centre (AAFC ADC) focuses on research, development, promotion and adoption of agroforestry science and practices across Canada and in temperate regions. Agroforestry Development Centre, Government Road #2, P.O. Box 940, Indian Head, Saskatchewan S0G 2K0, Canada; Tel: 1-866-766-2284, Fax: 306-695-2568; E-mail:; Web:

Agroforestry Net, Inc. is a nonprofit organization dedicated to providing educational resources about agroforestry, trees, and sustainable stewardship of land and water. The site contains current project information, publications, and links to other resources on the web. PO Box 428, Holualoa, HI 96725 USA; Tel: 808-324-4427; Fax: 808-324-4129; E-mail:; Web site:

The Agroforestry Research Trust researches temperate agroforestry and all aspects of plant cropping and uses, with a focus on tree, shrub and perennial crops. Martin Crawford, Agroforestry Research Trust, 46 Hunters Moon, Dartington, Totnes, Devon TQ9 6JT, England, UK; E-mail:; Web site:

Appropriate Technology Transfer for Rural Areas (ATTRA) provides technical assistance to farmers, Extension agents, market gardeners, agricultural researchers, and other ag professionals in the US. ATTRA, P.O. Box 3657, Fayetteville, AR 72702, USA; Tel: 1-800-346-9140 (English); 1-800-411-3222 (Espa?ol), Web site:

The Association for Temperate Agroforestry focuses on temperate agroforestry, with an emphasis on North America. Association for Temperate Agroforestry, 203 ABNR Bldg., University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211; Tel: 573-882-9866, Fax: 573-882-1977; Email:; Web:

Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR) works to improve the well-being of people in developing countries and Australia through international collaboration in research and related activities that develop sustainable agricultural systems and appropriate strategies for natural resource management. The Director, ACIAR, GPO Box 1571, Canberra ACT 2601, Australia; Tel: +61 2 6217 0500; Fax: +61 2 6217 0501; E-mail:; Web site:

CAB International (CABI) has as its mission to help improve human welfare worldwide through the dissemination, application and generation of scientific knowledge in support of sustainable development, with emphasis on agriculture, forestry, human health and the management of natural resources. CAB International, Wallingford, Oxfordshire, OX10 8DE, UK; Tel: +44 1491 832111; Fax: +44 1491 833508; E-mail:; Web site:

The Center for Subtropical Agroforestry (CSTAF) is a multidisciplinary, multi-institutional center established in 2001 at the School of Forest Resources and Conservation (SFRC), University of Florida, to undertake activities in research, extension, and education and training related to agroforestry, and sponsor of the June 2004 1st World Congress of Agroforestry CSTAF, School of Forest Resources and Conservation, University of Florida, Building 191 Mowry Road, PO Box 110831, Gainesville, FL 32611-0831, USA; Tel: 352-846-0146; Fax: 352-846-2094; E-mail:; Web site:

The Centre for Ecology and Hydrology Edinburgh (formerly the Institute of Terrestrial Ecology and the Institute of Freshwater Ecology) conducts research on air pollution, climate change, and sustainable land use in the tropics. The Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Bush Estate, Penicuik, Midlothian, Scotland EH26 0QB, UK; Tel: +44-0131-445-4343; Fax: +44-0131-445-3943; E-mail:; Web site:

Centro Agronomico Tropical de Investigacion y Ensenanza (CATIE) works to improve the well-being of humanity through scientific research and postgraduate education applied to the development, conservation and sustainable use of natural resources. CATIE, 7170, Turrialba, Costa Rica; Web site:

Educational Concerns for Hunger Organization (ECHO) has many online publications related to agroforestry. ECHO, 17430 Durrance Rd., N. Ft. Myers, FL 33917, USA; Tel: 941-543-3246, Fax: 941-543-5317; E-mail:; Web site:

Farm Forest Line is a free information service managed by Australian Forest Growers in association with Melbourne University School of Resource Management and Energy Strategies. Provides information and advice about farm forestry practice, opportunities and developments. Web site:

Forest & Landscape Denmark (FLD) works to improve the livelihood of people in developing countries by supporting them in growing trees. Forest & Landscape Denmark, The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Hoersholm Kongevej 11, DK-2970 Hoersholm, Denmark; Tel: +45-3528 1500; Fax: +45-3528 1517. E-mail:; Web site:

The Forest Garden Program supported by Counterpart International is developing a flexible model silvicultural system that fosters the restoration of degraded land through the development of family-owned Forest Gardens by rural agriculturalists around the world. Counterpart International, Inc., 1200 18th Street NW, Suite 1100, Washington, DC 20036, USA; Tel: 202-296-9676; FAX: 202-296-9679; E-mail:; Web sites:

Forest, Trees and People Programme supported (until 2002) rural populations in participating in developing their forest resources. Web site:

Forestry Programme of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) addresses use of trees, forests and related resources to improve people’s economic, environmental, social and cultural conditions while ensuring that the resource is conserved to meet the needs of future generations. Many useful publications are available on-line. Publications and Information Coordinator, Forestry Department, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla 00100 Rome, Italy; Tel.: +39-06-57054778  Fax: +39-06-57052151;  E-mail:; Web site:

The International Institute of Rural Reconstruction (IIRR) publishes many practical works emphasizing participatory approaches to development and agroforestry. Yen Center and Headquarters, Silang, Cavite, Philippines 4118; Tel:  (63-46) 4142417, Fax: (63-46) 4142420; E-mail:; Web site:

The International Analog Forestry Network was established in 1996 as a response to the need to maintain an exchange of knowledge, experience and up-to-date information between groups interested in learning, promoting and applying an Analog Forestry system in their own area. The primary objective of the Network is to restore ecosystems environmental stability and biodiversity, through research, design and application of the Analog Forestry system. Milo Bekins, IAFN CHAIR, Apartado 75, Quepos, Costa Rica 6350, Telefax: 011-506-779-1368, Email:, Web site:

The MU Center for Agroforestry is among the global centers in agroforestry research, education and outreach. Its website contains a wealth of up-to-date information on temperate agroforestry research along with a number of practical “hands on” guides. UMCA, 203 ABNR Bldg., University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211; Tel: 573-882-9866, Fax: 573-882-1977; Email:; Web site:

Permanent Agriculture Resources (PAR) carries out agroforestry education and research in the Pacific, provides workshops and publications including The Overstory, a free e-mail journal. Permanent Agriculture Resources, P.O. Box 428, Holualoa, HI 96725, USA; Tel: 808-324-4427; Fax: 808-324-4129; E-mail:; Web site:

The People and Plants Initiative carries out applied research projects, community workshops, exchanges and training courses with young ethnobotanists from developing countries and disseminates results and information through their People and Plants Online Program. Web site:

Permaculture International Limited (PIL) provides services to members in support of their work in permaculture design, service, and other permaculture-related activities. PIL, PO Box 219, Nimbin, NSW 2480, Australia; E-mail:; Web site:

Platform for Agrobiodiversity Research supports the development of an adequate agrobiodiversity knowledge base and identifies ways in which agrobiodiversity can contribute to addressing some of the major global challenges faced today;(e.g. environmental degradation, poverty alleviation, climate change, water quality and scarcity, and new global disease threats) by making available the information and options that ensure the contribution of agrobiodiversity in these areas. Web site:

The Rainforest Conservation Fund is dedicated to preserving the world’s tropical forests, and features current applications of agroforestry species, their advantages and disadvantages (marketing, soil needs, growth, pests, etc.), and farmers’ preferences for agroforestry species in northeastern Peru. Includes valuable Agroforestry and Ethnobotany information. Rainforest Conservation Fund, 2038 North Clark Street, Suite 233, Chicago, IL 60614; Tel: 773-975-7517; E-mail:; Web site:

Roger R.B. Leakey’s web site covers his lengthy career in forestry and agroforestry aimed at helping to reverse deforestation and desertification in the tropics, including his pioneering work dedicated to the alleviation of poverty, malnutrition and hunger in developing countries, especially in Africa and Oceania.

The Silvoarable Agroforestry For Europe (SAFE) project will provide models and databases for assessing the profitability of silvoarable systems. Web site:

Sustainable Harvest International (SHI) provides farmers and communities in the tropics with long-term assistance implementing environmentally and economically sustainable technologies. SHI, 104 Congress Street, Suite 401, Portsmouth, NH 03801, USA, Tel: 603-427-0735, Fax: 603-422-8762; E-mail:; Web site:

Tree People is a non-profit based in Los Angeles, US, that works to alleviate urban environmental problems by planting trees. Basic educational materials as well as publications are available on their web site. Web site:

Trees for the Future is a non-profit organization initiating and supporting agroforestry self-help projects in cooperation with groups and individuals in developing countries. Trees for the Future, P.O. Box 7027, Silver Spring, MD 20907-7027, USA; E-mail:; Web site:

The US Department of Agriculture’s National Agroforestry Center (USDA NAC) supports practices which integrate trees and agriculture and publishes numerous very useful references for agroforestry, many with a temperate focus. National Agroforestry Center, North 38th St. & East Campus Loop, UNL-East Campus, Lincoln, Nebraska 68583-0822, USA; Tel: 402-437-5178, Fax: FAX: 402-437-5712; Web:

The World Agroforestry Centre (formerly International Center for Research in Agroforestry, ICRAF) has extensive worldwide programs in agroforestry research and training. World Agroforestry Centre, PO Box 30677, Nairobi, Kenya; Tel: +254-2-521450 or +1-650-833-6645; Fax: +254-2-521001 or +1-650-833-6646, E-mail:; Web site:


1st World Congress of Agroforestry, Book of Abstracts compiles agroforestry research up to 2004 in a large PDF. Website:

Agroforesteria en las Americas promotes the use of natural resources with greater consideration of ecological potentialities and the social needs of the countries in Latin America. Agroforesteria en las Americas, CATIE 7170 Turrialba, Costa Rica; Tel: +506 556 1789; Fax: +506 556 7766; E-mail:; Web site:

Australian Agroforestryis a periodical published in Australia featuring practical, timely information for farm foresters growing timber. Agroforestry News, Rowan Reid, Agroforestry and Farm Forestry, School of Resource Management, The University of Melbourne, 3010, Australia; Tel: +61 (0)3 8344 5011; Fax: +61 (0)3 8344 4665; E-mail:

Agroforestry Systems journal is a highly regarded scientific journal of agroforestry, and is of practical use as well. Agroforestry Systems is available at many university libraries. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Journals Department, PO Box 322, 3300 AH Dordrecht, The Netherlands; Tel: (+31) 78 639 23 92, Fax: (+31) 78 654 64 74; E-mail:; Web site:

APANews published by the Asia-Pacific Agroforestry Network is a newsletter dedicated to the exchange of information on agroforestry research and development issues in the Asia-Pacific Region. APANews, FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, 39 Phra Atit Road, Bangkok, 10200, Thailand; E-mail:;

Forest Ecology and Management is an international journal concerned with the application of biological, ecological and social knowledge to the management of man-made and natural forests. Elsevier Science, Regional Sales Office, Customer Support Department, PO Box 211, 1000 AE Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Tel: (+31) 20 485 3757; Fax: (+31) 20 485 3432; E-mail:; Web site:

ILEIA Newsletter covers technical and social options for ecological and sustainable agriculture, and has frequent articles on tree-based systems. LEISA, PO Box 64, 3830 AB Leusden, The Netherlands; Tel: +31 33 494 30 86, Fax: +31 33 495 17 79; E-mail:; Web site:

Inside Agroforestry is a newsletter for natural resource professionals, and many other practical materials. Temperate focus. USDA Forest Service/Natural Resources Conservation Service, East Campus – UNL Lincoln, Nebraska 68583-0822, USA; Tel: 402-437-5178, Fax: FAX: 402-437-5712; Web site:

The Indigenous Knowledge & Development Monitor from 1992 until 2004 focused on the role that indigenous knowledge can play in participatory approaches to sustainable development. Achieved publications can be found on the web site. Web site:

The International Forestry Review is a peer-reviewed scientific journal that publishes papers, research notes and book reviews on all aspects of forestry and forest research. Commonwealth Forestry Association, PO Box 142, Bicester OX26 6ZJ, United Kingdom; Tel: +44 (0) 1865 820935; Fax: +44 (0) 1865 820935; E-mail:; Web site:

ISTF News published by the International Society of Tropical Foresters (ISTF) is dedicated to providing a communications network for tropical forestry disciplines. International Society of Tropical Foresters, 5400 Grosvenor Lane Bethesda, Maryland 20814, USA; FAX at (301) 897-3690; Web site:

The International Tree Crops Journal focuses on the development and promotion of the diversity of tree-based systems within the field of rural development forestry, particularly in the tropics. International Tree Crops Journal, Editors, Michelle A Pinard & Martin G Barker, Department of Forestry, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen AB24 5UA, UK; Fax: 44-01224-272685; E-mail:

The Journal of Sustainable Forestry covers the scientific principles and techniques of controlling, protecting, and restoring the regeneration, composition, and growth of natural forest vegetation as well as plantations, agroforestry, and silvo-pastoral systems. Journal of Sustainable Forestry, The Haworth Press Inc.,10 Alice St., Binghamton, NY 13904, US; Tel: 1-800-429-6784 (US/Canada), 607-722-5857 (Outside US/Canada); Fax: 1-800-895-0582 (US/Canada), 607-771-0012 (Outside US/Canada); E-mail:; Web site:

Non-wood News is an information-rich newsletter produced by FAO’s Wood and Non-wood Products Utilization Branch, providing readers with current information on nontimber forest products and their contribution to the sustainable development of the world’s forest resources. Non-Wood News, Forest Products Division, Forestry Department, FAO, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla 00100 Rome, Italy; Tel: +39-06-570-52746, Fax: +39-06-570-55618; Web site:

The Overstory E-journal is a bimonthly e-mail journal covering topics and concepts central to agroforestry practices. Geared towards agroforestry practitioners, extension agents, and researchers. Contact: The Overstory, P.O. Box 428, Holualoa, HI 96725 USA; Tel: 808-324-4427, Fax: 808-324-4129; E-mail:, Web site:

People and Planet focuses on themes such as sustainable energy, coral reefs, and forests. It does an admirable job of linking population and demographic change with natural resources. People & the Planet, Suite 112, Spitfire Studios, 63-71 Collier Street, London N1 9BE, UK; Tel: + 44 – (0)-207-713-8108; Fax: + 44 – (0)-207-713-8109; E-mail:; Web site:

World Association of Soil & Water Conservation – WASWC Newsletter covers global news and announcements for association members. Worldwide: WASWC Secretariat; Tel: +86 1063204370; Fax:+86 1063204359; E-mail:; Web site:; US: Soil and Water Conservation Society, 7515 NE Ankeny Rd., Ankeny, Iowa 50021, USA; Tel: +1-515-2892331 ext. 18, Fax: +1-515-2891227; E-mail:; Web site:

LISTS OF WEB LINKS ATTRA’s books and proceedings on agroforestry:
National Agroforestry Center’s links page:
University of Missouri Center for Agroforestry links: »

Southeast Asian Network for Agroforestry Education (SEANAFE):

Silvoarable Agroforestry For Europe links:
University of Hawai’i at Manoa Forestry Extension links:

Agriculture Network Information Center links:
Minnesota Department of Agriculture links:

UK Agroforestry Forum Useful links:


Large retailers of books carry a wide selection of the agroforestry titles. We also encourage you to use the following bookstores, each of which supports the activities of an educational organization:

ECHO’s Global Bookstore offers hundreds of titles in tropical agriculture, agroforestry, and agricultural development, some of which are very hard to find elsewhere. Address: ECHO’s Global Bookstore, 17391 Durrance Rd., N. Ft. Myers, FL 33917, USA; Tel: 941-543-3246; Fax: 941-543-5317; E-mail:; Web site:

Holmgren Design Services sells the works of David Holmgren, co-originator of the permaculture concept. Web site:

International Institute of Rural Reconstruction (IIRR) publishes many top-notch practitioner resources. Address: IIRR Bookstore, Publications Unit, International Institute of Rural Reconstruction, Y.C. James Yen Center, Silang, Cavite 4118, Philippines; Tel: +63-46-414-2417; Fax: +63-46-414-2420; E-mail:; Web site:

The International Palm Society Bookstore offers many palm references, and several covering traditional and agroforestry uses. Geoff Stein, 1196 Calle Jazmin, Thousand Oaks CA 91360. Tel. 805-494-4534; E-mail; Web site:

Farm, Community, and Tree Network (FACT Net) sells its own publications at a very reasonable cost. Address: FACT Net, Winrock International, 38 Winrock Drive, Morrilton, Arkansas 72110-9370, USA; Tel: 501-727-5435; Fax: 501-727-5417; E-mail:; Web site:

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has a comprehensive list of its publications, and many are available to read from the web site as well. Address: Sales and Marketing Group, Information Division FAO, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy. Fax: +39-06-5705-3360;; Web site:

The Association for Temperate Agroforestry Book Shop has many important agroforestry books for sale. Address: Association for Temperate Agroforestry, 203 ABNR Bldg., University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA; Tel: 573-882-9866; Fax: 573-882-1977; E-mail:; Web site:

The Permaculture Activist sells many permaculture related texts. Address: P.O. Box 1209W, Black Mountain, NC 28711, USA; Tel: 828-298-2812; Fax: 828-298-6441; E-mail:; Web site:

Tagari Publications sells Bill Mollison’s permaculture titles. 31 Rulla Road, Sisters Creek 7325 Tasmania, Australia; Tel: +61 (0)3 6445 0945; Fax: +61 (0)3 6445 0944; E-mail:; Web site:

The World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) sells many of its own excellent publications. The Publications Assistant, World Agroforestry Centre, (ICRAF), United Nations Avenue, Gigiri, PO Box 30677, 00100 GPO, Nairobi, Kenya; E-mail:; Web site:

These experts have generously given their time to contribute material to the Agroforester’s Library: Aaron Becker, Roland Bunch, Aly BK Dagang, Karlyn Eckman, Chris Evans, Roger Leakey, PK Nair, Jim Penn, Martin Price, Jim Roshetko, Eduardo Somarriba, Daniel Sonke, Orlo Colin Steele, Robert W Wescom, Bruce Wight, and Kim Wilkinson. Kim Wilkinson co-edited the Agroforester’s Library 1998-2002. Niki Mazaroli updated the Library in July 2011. Many thanks to each of them for their assistance!
and Editor: Craig Elevitch

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